Policy Formulation and Law Enforcement


  1. Overview : Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Financing Terrorism in Hong Kong [Home Page]
  2. United Nations Security Council Sanctions - Implementation in Hong Kong [Read]


Pieces of legislation relating to anti-money laundering and anti-terrorist financing: -

  1. Drug Traficking (Recovery Of Proceeds) Ordinance (Cap. 405)  [Read]
  2. Organized and Serious Crime Ordinance (Cap. 455)  [Read]
  3. Wepons of Mass Destruction (Control of Provision of Services) Ordinance (Cap. 526) [Read]
  4. United Nations Sanctions Ordinance (Cap. 537) [Read]
  5. United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) Ordinance (Cap. 575)  [Read]
  6. Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (Financial Institutions) Ordinance (Cap. 615)  [Read]


  • United Nation Sactinos Ordinance (Cap. 537)


The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) and the Customs and Excise Department (C&ED) are the law enforcement agencies of the Ordinance (Cap. 537). Generally speaking, the HKPF is mainly responsible for enforcement work related to the financial sanction and sanctions on financial transactions or transfer of funds, while the C&ED is mainly responsible for enforcement against the supply, sale or transfer of arms and other items subject to sanction. The two law enforcement agencies have been acting in accordance with the law, without fear or favour, to follow up on suspected violations of the Ordinance.



Legislative Process

  • Amendment to Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (FI) Ordinance 2017 [Read]
  • Legislative Council Brief of the Amendment 2017 [Read]


Industrial Sector Laws

  1. Banking Ordinance (Cahpter 155)  [Read]
  2. Securities and Futures Ordinance (Chapter 571)  [Read]
  3. Insurance Companies Ordinance (Chapter 41)  [Read]


Regulator's guidelines - Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), Securities and Futures Commission (SFC), the Office of the Commissioner for Insurance (OCI) 

  1. Guideline on Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing, HKMA   [Read];
  2. Guidance Paper on Combatting Trade Based Money Laundering, HKMA   [Read];
  3. Guidance Paper on Anti-money Laundering Controls over Tax Eavsion, HKMA   [Read];
  4. Prevention of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Guideline, SFC  [Read];
  5. Guidance on Anti-money Laundering and Counter Terrorist Financing, OCI  [Read]


Law Enforcement Agents in Hong Kong

  1. Joint Financial Intelligence Unit (JFIU);  [Read]
  2. Hong Kong Excise & Customs Department;  [Read]
  3. Hong Kong Police [Read]


International Anti-money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Organization

  1. Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering  [Read];
  2. Financial Action Task Force (FATF)  [Read]




The Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (Financial Institutions) Ordinance, Cap. 615 (AMLO) came into operation on 1 April 2012. Under the AMLO, a person who wishes to operate a remittance and / or money changing service (i.e. money service as defined under the AMLO) is required to apply for a licence from the Commissioner of Customs & Excise (CCE). Operating a money service without obtaining a money service operator licence from the CCE is an offence and liable to a fine of $100,000 and imprisonment for six months.


Legal definitions

The following definitions are provided under the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (Financial Institutions) Ordinance (Chapter 615)


Schedule 1


Money laundering (洗錢) means an act intended to have the effect of making any property—

(a)    that is the proceeds obtained from the commission of an indictable offence under the laws of Hong Kong, or of any conduct which if it had occurred in Hong Kong would constitute an indictable offence under the laws of Hong Kong; or

(b)    that in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, represents such proceeds, not to appear to be or so represent such proceeds


Money service (金錢服務) means—

(a)    a money changing service; or

(b)    a remittance service


Money changing service (貨幣兌換服務) means a service for the exchanging of currencies that is operated in Hong Kong as a business, but does not include such a service that is operated by a person who manages a hotel if the service—

(a)    is operated within the premises of the hotel primarily for the convenience of guests of the hotel; and

(b)    consists solely of transactions for the purchase by that person of non-Hong Kong currencies in exchange for Hong Kong currency


Remittance service (匯款服務) means a service of one or more of the following that is operated in Hong Kong as a business—

(a)    sending, or arranging for the sending of, money to a place outside Hong Kong;

(b)    receiving, or arranging for the receipt of, money from a place outside Hong Kong;

(c)     arranging for the receipt of money in a place outside Hong Kong


Currency (货币)includes a check or a traveller's check.

Money (金錢) means money in whatever form or currency;