Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (Multilateral Instrument)

 

Official Texts and Explanatory Statement of Multilateral Convention

Date of Entry into Force

Design and Function of the Convention

The OECD Depositary

MLI and MLI Positions


 

 

Official Texts an Explanatory Statement

 

The multilateral Instrument (the MLI), developed by the OECD and endorsed by the G20, offers concrete solutions for governments to close the gaps in existing international tax rules by transposing results from the OECD/G20 BEPS Project into bilateral tax treaties worldwide. The MLI modifies the application of thousands of bilateral tax treaties concluded to eliminate double taxation.

 

Official texts of the MLI [read]

Explanatory Statement [read]

Legal notes on the functioning of the MLI under Public international law [read].

 


 

Date of Entry into Force

 

Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measurements to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the Convention) took effect on 1st July 2018.

Under the provision of Article 34, the Convention entered into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three calendar months beginning on the date of deposit of the fifth instrument of ratification by Slovenia on 22 March 2018. Earlier, the Republic of Austria (22 September 2017), the Isle of Man (19 October 2017), Jersey (15 December 2017), and Poland (23 January 2018) deposited their instruments with the OECD.

 

Design and Function of the Convention

 

The Convention is the first multilateral treaty of its kind, allowing jurisdictions to transpose results from the OECD/G20 BEPS Project into their existing bilateral tax treaties, transforming the way tax treaties are modified. The Convention has been designed to strengthen existing tax treaties concluded among its parties without the need for burdensome and time-consuming bilateral renegotiations.

 

The OECD/G20 BEPS Project delivers solutions for governments to close the gaps in existing international rules that allow corporate profits to « disappear » or be artificially  shifted to low or no tax environments, where companies have little or no economic activity. The Convention will modify existing bilateral tax treaties to swiftly implement the tax treaty measures developed in the course of the OECD/G20 BEPS Project. Treaty measures that are included in the Convention include those on hybrid mismatch arrangementstreaty abuse and permanent establishment. The Convention also strengthens provisions to resolve treaty disputes, including through mandatory bindingarbitration,which  has been taken up by 28 signatories.

 

The OECD Depositary

 

The OECD is the depositary of the Convention and is supporting governments in the process of signature, ratification and implementation. 

 

Multilateral Instrument (the MLI) and MLI Positions

 

Under the provisions of the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent BEPS, each jurisdiction is required to provide a list of tax treaties covered by the Convention (the Covered Tax Agreements), reservations and notifications (the "MLI Position") at the time of signature.

 

Each Signatory must prepare and submit its "MLI Position" before signing the MLI. The MLI Position sets out all of the Signatory's choices with respect to the different options provided for in the MLI. 

 

The MLI Positions provided at the time of signature for the jurisdictions may be subject to changes. The definitive position for each jurisdiction will be provided upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval of the above-mentioned Multilateral Convention.

 

The MLI Positions provided for each jurisdiction upon the deposit of the instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval and/or signature are available via the links below [read]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

How Apple Company has been engaged in tax avoidance globally [read-Chinese version]