What are Financial Statements?
A financial Statement is an aggregation and summary of business transactions, recorded in money terms, arranged and organized in ways that give users meaningful information.
What are the USES of the financial statements?
The financial statement, prepared in accordance with the accounting standards, gives the user the information about the financial position of the Companies as at a specific date, the operating results, the sources and applications of the Company's funds for a specified period of time, and thus enables the user to make economic decisions.
What are accounting standards?
The accounting standards are mandatory rules that the directors of every company must follow in the preparation of financial statements. The directors must in each financial year select the accounting standards that are most appropriate to the circumstances under which the Company is operating.
The accounting standards address three important issues in the preparation of financial statements: (a) the recognition of assets and liabilities; (b) the disclosure of business transactions and events; and (c) the measurement of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses.